Dentures also know as false teeth and gums are replacements for missing teeth that can be taken out and fixed back into your mouth. Dentures can either be full or partial, meaning that they can replace all teeth on either the top or down gum line or just a few missing teeth. Regardless of the kind of denture you require, they will be customized to fit your mouth and visually matched to your existing teeth.
WHY DENTURES ARE NECESSARY
They may be several reasons why one may lose teeth during their lifetime. Extraction of teeth may be necessary because of periodontal disease or tooth decay. Teeth can also be removed due to defects or deterioration caused by other health problems, but most often teeth are lost through injury.
Everyone will not be entirely without teeth but even the loss of a few teeth can cause problems and also affect your appearance. If they are multiple missing teeth, there is less support for the checks and lips and this can cause the facial muscle to sag. This deterioration of teeth can make eating and speak more difficult. The use of dentures to replace lost teeth restores the appearance of your smile while also providing the necessary support to keep your entire face healthy.
TYPES OF DENTURES
The complete denture is being worn by people who lost all the teeth in a single arch or in both arches, complete dentures can either be conventional or immediate. Conventional dentures are made after the teeth have been lost or removed is ready for placement in the mouth 8 to 12 weeks after teeth lose. On the other hand, immediate dentures are made in advance and can be positioned as soon as the teeth are removed. In this case, the patient doesn’t have to be without teeth during the healing period. The disadvantage of immediate dentures is that they require more adjustment to fit properly during the healing process.
Partial dentures are made for patients who are missing some of their teeth on a particular arch, the partial denture is removable and can be fixed back when needed. It consists of all pink or gum-colored plastic base which is sometimes connected to a metal framework that holds the denture in place in the mouth.
Complete or partial dentures require proper care to keep them clean, free from stains, good looking and for a healthy mouth. Here are some of the tips for good denture care;
- Remove and rinse denture after eating: After each meal, it is essential to remove the denture from the mouth and rinse properly. You may want to place a towel on the counter or in the sink or put some water in the sink so that the denture doesn’t break if you drop
- Handle the denture with great care: avoid bending the plastic or the clips when cleaning, to avoid damaging the denture.
- Brush and rinse dentures daily without toothpaste: microscopic scratches that can give room for food and plaque to build up. Just like natural teeth, dentures require daily brushing to remove food plaque. Brushing the dentures also helps to prevent the development of permanent stains on it.
- Regular dental check-ups: Your dentist will recommend visit schedule in order to have your denture examined, professionally cleaned and ensure proper fit to prevent slippage and discomfort.
- Ensure you see your dentist if you have a lose fit, sores, irritation, and infection.
Dentists can perform a verity of procedures to improve your smile from subtle changes to major repairs. There are many techniques and options to treat teeth that are discolored, chipped, misshapen or missing. Dentists can reshape the teeth, close spaces, restore worn or short teeth and even alter the length of your teeth.
While traditional dentistry focuses on oral hygiene and preventing, diagnosis and treating oral disease, cosmetic dentistry focuses on improving the appearance of the teeth, mouth, and smile. Cosmetic dentistry provides elective or desired treatments or services. Cosmetic dentistry can also provide restoration benefits such as dental fillings.
The advancement in technology with regards to natural looks, tooth color, dental materials make today’s cosmetic dental treatments more durable than in the past years. Dentists also use technologies such as lasers in order to perform some procedures necessary for cosmetic treatments in their own office without referring the patient to other specialists. Procedures like smile makeover are made more comfortable and convenient for patients, as well as helps to reduce the time taken for recovery.
TYPES OF COSMETIC DENTISTRY
- Teeth whitening: This happens to be one of the most commonly recommended cosmetic dentistry procedures. Teeth are most times stained from smoking, food, drinks or poor hygiene. Teeth bleaching can enhance the appearance of your smile
- Inlays and Onlays: Also known as indirect fillings, inlays and onlays which are made from porcelain or composite materials are a long-lasting yet aesthetically pleasing way to provide a filling to teeth with tooth decay or similar structural damage. Inlays and Onlays are created in a dental laboratory and bonded into place by the dentist. The filling is called an “inlay”, when the material is bonded onlay”.
- Crowns: Also known as caps, covers a tooth to restore it to its normal shape and appearance, because of the cost they are a user in cases where other procedures will not be effective. It has the longest life expectancy of all cosmetic restorations and at the same time, the most time-consuming.
- Composite bonding: Broken, discolored, decayed or chipped teeth can be repaired and have their appearance restored using a procedure called composite bonding. Dental composite materials with the look of enamel and dentin are applied into the cavity or into the surface of a tooth where it is then sculpted into shapes, contours and hardened with a high-intensity
- Dental Implants: Dental implants are artificial or titanium replacement tooth roots inserted into the bone socket of the missing tooth. As the jaw bone heals, it grows around the implanted metal post anchoring it securely in the jaw and providing a foundation for a replacement tooth.
There are still some other options in which one can opt for in cosmetics dentistry such as dental veneers, smile makeover, and full mouth reconstruction.
Teeth brushing and flossing are the best ways to help prevent cavities, but it’s not always easy to brush and floss clean every nook and cranny of the teeth, especially those back teeth you use to chew (molars). Molars are rough, unseen and a favorite place for leftover food and cavity-causing bacteria to hide. But then, there is another safety net to help keep the teeth clean, called dental sealants.
Dental sealants or fissure sealants is a thin, plastic coating, painted on the chewing surfaces of teeth, usually the back teeth (premolars and molars) to prevent tooth decay. Dental sealants quickly bond into depressions and grooves the teeth, forming a protective shield over the enamel of each tooth.
A dental sealant is a preservative treatment of that is part of the minimal interventions of dentistry approach to dental and oral care. It facilitates the prevention and quick intervention, in order to prevent or stop the tooth decay process before it reaches the end stage of disease, which is known as the cavitation of a tooth. As soon as the tooth is cavitated, it requires dental restoration in order to repair the damage, this emphasizes the importance of prevention in preserving our teeth for a lifetime of chewing.
HOW DENTAL SEALANTS WORK
Dental sealants can be thought of as a raincoat of the teeth. When the cavity-causing bacteria that live in the mouth meet leftover food particles, they produce acids that can create holes in the teeth. The application of sealants keeps this bit of food out and stops bacteria acid from settling on the teeth, just as the raincoat keeps the rain from beating you.
WHO NEEDS DENTAL SEALANTS
Dental sealants can be applied as soon as child’s permanent back teeth, the molars have fully grown. This is done so that the deep grooves and pits that are seen on the chewing surface of the teeth are filled in before cavities sets in. Protecting the molars and premolars from the very start greatly reduce the chances of getting cavities or worse dental issues later in life.
Most times sealants are applied during childhood, some adults may need to have them applied later in life if they never had the procedure done earlier or if there is the development of pit in teeth where there was none previously.
HOW TO CARE FOR DENTAL SEALANTS
As soon as a dental sealant is applied, and set on a tooth, it requires no special treatment. The patient only needs to continue brushing twice daily and flossing regularly. Additionally, protection and an extra brilliant smile can be gotten through the use of a fluoridated, non-alcoholic mouthwash after brushing the teeth.
If your teeth are sensitive, brushing too hard or using the wrong toothbrush can aggravate the symptoms. Learn appropriate brushing techniques.
When it comes to brushing, there is proper technology. Too much to brushing – or using the wrong toothbrush – can damage the teeth and gums, cause problems with enamel wear and gums, which can lead to tooth sensitivity. “People tend to brush their teeth aggressively, thinking it’s the only way they can make their teeth clean and look whiter.” “That’s going to be counterproductive as it will not only cause gums to fail but will also wear white, teeth Lustrous enamel makes them look yellowerier and deeper. “When this happens, you’re at risk of developing sensitive teeth.
Not sure if you are brushing too hard? Look at your toothbrush. If you have been using it for three months or less, it should still look newer. “If it looks mediocre, then this is a sign that you brush too hard,”
The Proper Way to Brush Your Teeth
It takes a lot of mindfulness, but you can change your way of suffering. Follow these tips for proper brushing to reduce tooth sensitivity and prevent damage to your teeth and gums:Use a soft bristled toothbrush. Choose a product with an ADA seal to be replaced every three months – or in the event of a malfunction, replace.Toothbrush and gums into a 45 degree angle. In this way, the mane can reach and clean under your gums,Gently move the brush back and forth. ADA recommends using a short, full-tooth stroke to clean the outer, inner, and chew surfaces of the tooth. (If your gingival recession is severe, the dentist may suggest that you try rolling techniques.) If you are using an electric toothbrush, have it do its job and gently slide it over your teeth instead of pushing them toward your teeth. To make sure you use a light grip, try placing your toothbrush in your uncontrolled hands.
Life habits often cause or contribute to tooth sensitivity. For example, a harmful habit is to brush your teeth aggressively with a hard toothbrush. If you brush too hard, you can rub off the outer enamel that protects your teeth, revealing the teeth that contain nerve endings, he said. If exposed, the nerve endings in the layer of tooth tissue known as dentin will emit a painful signal when stimulated.
Clenching or molars may wear enamel, expose nerves in the teeth and make them more sensitive to temperature and changes in sugary or sticky foods.
Aging can also play a role in tooth sensitivity. As you grow older and gingival recession, the layer of cementum below the gingival line may wear out, causing the teeth to stick to the bones. Without cementum, your teeth become more exposed and become more sensitive. Gum disease can also cause gingival recession and lead to more nerve exposure.
In addition, acid reflux may help sensitive teeth. “The stomach acid is highly acidic. If the food you eat causes acid reflux and there is a constant stomach acid in the mouth, it can damage the enamel on your teeth,” Taylor said. Some of the most serious tooth-sensitive cases occur in acid reflux patients
When to see your dentist
Regular dental examination is very important, so that you can prevent or manage excessive accumulation of plaque and periodontal disease, because they can also increase the sensitivity.
Cold sensitivity is more common, but not thermolabile. If you are sensitive to hot food, go to the dentist. “This may be a more serious problem that should be solved to prevent more serious problems, such as abscesses.”
The AGD suggests that when talking to dentists about tooth sensitivity, be sure to explain when it hurts and what helps relieve pain. These details can help guide your dental care. “Your dentist can advise you whether it will help bond you to the area of the tooth in question, especially exposed roots.
Teeth anxiety is prevalent in children. It is found that as many as 19.5% of school-age children are afraid of dentists. Treating children with dental anxiety presents a challenge to dental clinicians. In fact, it is reported that one of the most problematic types of patients is reported by dentists as fearful children. Dental anxiety is not only problematic to clinicians, but also has the potential to adversely affect patient access to optimal dental care. The next few behavioral strategies should help treat children with dental anxiety.
In general, children tend to do their best when their lives are predictable. When they are told in advance what happens, they are more likely to tolerate the procedure. Providing information is especially important for anxious children. The clinician should consider describing what he or she is going to do and what the child will experience.
Relaxation strategies are very useful for children who are obviously anxious or anxious to the clinician. Many children feel comfortable after a simple deep-breathing exercise, which involves deep breathing and slow exhalation. Requiring children to blow bubbles through their wands (items purchased during the summer) produces similar effects, sometimes distracting.
Distraction may help reduce dental anxiety. Clinicians may consider several distracting approaches. First, the toy may also distract the child in the dental chair if the child plays a toy in the waiting room. Obviously, not all toys or programs are suitable for this strategy, but at least it should be considered.
The positive reinforcement of compliments and small but tangible rewards (such as stickers, pretend tattoos and baseball cards) can be a useful incentive for cooperation and “bravery”. Enhancement can be released frequently; younger children need more frequent reinforcement of children. There is actually not much reinforcement, although clinicians should try to be real.
There are several ways parents can help deal with anxious children. First, clinicians should not hesitate to ask their parents for help if their child has serious difficulties. In other situations, the child may exhibit this anxiety and the child’s parent may have some strategies that may be most effective for the child.
While a few can literally cause a pain in the patient’s mouth, there are also many incredible dentists who would make the sufferer feel nothing at all and yet do their job perfectly!
One should certainly do some good research and invest a little time in choosing their dentist.
Here are six things a patient should consider before visiting a dentist.
What reputation does the dentist enjoy? The patient must look up the social media pages of the dentist or other online portals to check customer reviews, and see if the negative comments outweigh the positive.
- Certification & Training:
What is the clinical experience that the dentist has? Do they have proper training in dealing with specialty procedures? Is the dentist certified? The patient must make sure they verify these details before selecting a dentist.
- Services offered:
Not every dentist would offer all types of services. They may not be specialising in say, a root canal treatment, or teeth whitening. The patient should confirm in advance that the prospective dentist offers the service that they are looking for!
The patient can get help from their family, friends and other contacts and ask them who their dentist is and how good the dentist is at his job. Referrals often work the best as such dentists are tried and tested by the people the patients already know.
- Technology used:
Is the prospective dentist equipped with all the latest technology? Are they using high-end machines and tools or are they compromising on quality? The dentistry field is updating regularly and the patient must make sure that the dentist they choose, is aware of it all, and uses the same in their dental surgeries and procedures.
The dentist should be knowledgeable and advanced enough to detect any kind of dental problems early.
- Cost involved:
Surely paying good money for good services is worth it, but some dental services can cost the patient a bomb too. The patient must find out in advance if their budget can accommodate the fees of the dentist and only then choose them!
A dentist can specialise in many different fields of dentistry. They can be a good orthodontist, a prosthodontist, or an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. They may also be a good general dentist as well.
Let us understand what these different types of dentists do.
- General dentist:
Also called the ‘family dentist’, the general dentist is the one that patients visit on a regular basis for preventive oral care. The services include dental X-rays, dental cleanings, artificial fillings, teeth whitening, and so on. He/she can help the patient with false teeth/braces/mouth guards too.
A general dentist can treat issues caused due to gum and root problems as well. No doubt, general dentists are competent to solve most oral problems; they themselves sometimes refer their patients to other kinds of dental specialists depending on the intensity of the problem.
If the patient needs to get a root canal treatment done; he/she should visit an endodontist. An endodontist specializes in the treatment of injuries and diseases that develop in the teeth’s inner workings. Endodontists are concerned with the pulp and nerves of their patients’ teeth.
They undergo training in the branch of dentistry that covers the physiology, pathology and morphology of the dental pulp and the periradicular tissues.
When the patient needs to install braces, an orthodontist is the one he/she should consult. Not only that, orthodontists correct gaps, crooked and misaligned teeth, jawbones, and other supporting facial structures for either cosmetic or functional reasons or both.
In simple terms, it means they improve the way their patients bite on food by designing oral tools like mouth guards, braces, retainers and so on.
Specialising in the cure of periodontitis and other advanced gum diseases, a periodontist is the one who is a pro at preventing and treating any kind of gum related disease, and also excels at dental implants, and guided bone regeneration.
Prosthodontists are responsible for what we know as ‘smile correction’ or ‘smile makeovers’ of their patients by providing oral prostheses which replaces their decayed, damaged or missing tooth/teeth. Oral prostheses are artificial or false teeth tools that include bridges, crowns, tooth implants, veneers, and dentures.
- Oral and maxillofacial surgeon:
These surgeons are concerned with injuries and diseases that occur in the mouth or its surrounding area. They perform complex surgeries on their patients, which include removal of wisdom tooth, or placement of dental implants, and they even care for patients who suffer from oral cancer by conducting necessary surgeries on the ones who have facial injuries.
Dental problems are things that no person could escape. Toothache can range between causing the patient a mild pain to them facing severe trauma.
Let us see what the most common dental problems that patients suffer from are:
- Tooth decay:
When the bacteria in plaque is exposed to sugars present in food and sweets, it forms acids that work to make the sufferer’s enamel softer thereby giving way to holes. Tooth decay is popularly referred to as ‘cavities’.
- Bad breath:
‘Halitosis’ or bad breath can be very embarrassing for the patient. An infected tongue, gum diseases, oral cancer, irregular brushing, and cavities are some of the factors that cause bad breath.
- Oral cancer:
The most serious of them all, oral cancer is caused mainly because of smoking or because the patient chews too much tobacco. It generally begins with a small pinkish lump or growth inside your mouth that can eventually lead to a patient’s death as well.
- Gum disease:
Periodontal or gum disease is nothing but an infection that affects the gums that surround the teeth. Smoking, dry mouth and diabetes are factors that can cause this in people.
- Mouth sores:
They can be painful, annoying and can really bother the patient. One should not worry about mouth sores unless it lasts for more than 2 weeks.
- Tooth erosion:
In this condition, the bacteria literally eats away the enamel of the tooth. It can lead to teeth sensitivity as well as cracking of teeth in some cases.
This is when the patient has supernumerary teeth. In simpler terms, it means the sufferer has more number of teeth than what a human being normally has.
- Stained teeth:
There are a number of adults who suffer have stained teeth problems. To state simply, they have yellow teeth. The main causes behind this condition are irregular brushing of teeth, excessive smoking, or drinking too much coffee.
- Tooth sensitivity:
The most common amongst many is tooth sensitivity. The patient feels a lot of discomfort coupled with pain when he/she eats sweets/ice creams, or drinks something hot or cold. Some people also experience pain while they brush or floss. Sensitivity could also occur because of a cracked tooth.