The oral effect of cannabis

Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant intended for medical or recreational use. The main psychoactive part of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC); one of 483 known compounds in the plant, including at least 65 other cannabinoids. Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within the food, or as an extract.
Marijuana is derived from the cannabis plant. The main active ingredient is commonly known as THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and is the part of the plant that gives the “high.” There is a wide range of THC potency between different cannabis products.
Heavy use of marijuana has been reported to cause respiratory problems, bronchial complaints, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, tachycardia, acute panic and paranoia and impairment with short-term memory and motor skills. The most beneficial use of marijuana is its antiemetic properties, especially for patients receiving chemotherapy and its ability to reduce intraocular pressure in the treatment of glaucoma. It is used widely for cancer patients, AIDS patients, and other chronic diseases.
THE ORAL HEALTH EFFECT
Saliva is the mouth’s own, effective cleaning system – it dilutes and washes away food particles and acids that cause erosion. Erosion occurs when enamel is dissolved from tooth surfaces, and teeth may appear shorter and have visibly worn surfaces, making them sensitive. Cannabis reduces the saliva production leading to a dry mouth. If a person often has a dry mouth, erosion may damage their teeth more quickly.
Periodontal (gum) disease is one of the most common chronic diseases among adults and is linked to saliva production. The inflammation associated with the disease causes a breakdown in supporting connective tissue and bone, leading to tooth loss. Smoking cannabis and tobacco can cause damage to teeth, gums and other soft tissues in the mouth. Soft tissues include lips, tongue, gums, cheeks and the roof of the mouth.
Even small changes in how much saliva is produced can cause bad breath, a sore or burning mouth, and make it harder to chew, swallow and speak.
Cannabis smoking (and eating) causes changes in the lining of the mouth called cannabis stomatitis. In the long-term, this leads to chronic inflammation which is a risk factor for oral cancers.
Users must talk to their dentist openly about their use of drugs (not only cannabis), as illicit drugs (as well as prescription drugs) can react with some anesthetics commonly used in dentistry to cause Health complications. If they are aware of the patient’s drug use, the dentist can also keep an eye on the various potential risk areas in the mouth (teeth, gums, soft tissues), which may be affected by the drug use. They can devise a specific care plan, which may help the user protect their teeth and gums.